With AirAsia consistently one of the world's most profitable LCC airlines, it stands to reason that the national flag-carrier it challenged at its home base at Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) is likely to have faced some challenges since 2002 when Tony Fernandes' creation first took to the skies. The fact that Malaysia Airlines has taken until this year to join one of the three big alliances (it joined oneworld on 1 February), whereas regional rivals such as Cathay Pacific, Singapore Airlines and Thai Airways have long been members of an alliance, is indicative of the problems the airline has been grappling with in recent years.
In December 2011 the airline issued a "Business Plan - Our Way Forward" document the opening line of which pulls no punches by stating: "Malaysia Airlines is in crisis", followed in the next paragraph by, "The core passenger airline business is chronically challenged." In the Executive Summary the airline reports that:
- More than 40 percent of our routes are loss-making;
- Our unit cost position is 10-15% above corresponding revenues;
- The aviation market has become even more competitive with the rapid increase of the low cost carrier (LCC) segment, continued growth of the Middle Eastern full service carriers and revival in the fortunes of Asian full service carriers such as Garuda, Japan Airlines (JAL) and Thai Airways.
One of the five cornerstones of the proposed recovery plan was:
- Smaller yet profitable network. Going forward, our network shall include routes where our premium travellers will want to go, and where we can win in terms of competitive position and home advantage. We are shrinking to grow, and as we get back on firm financial footing, we shall expand our network to cover the world’s major economic regions and hubs.
The good news is that in each of the last two quarters of 2012, Malaysia Airlines reported a small operating profit, as during the course of the year some 20 new aircraft started to refresh the fleet. These included the first four of the airline's six ordered A380s, which are currently dedicated to the airline's key London and Paris routes. Total network capacity was cut in 2012 by 6%, but passenger revenue only fell 2% thanks to a 4% increase in RASK (Revenuer per Available Seat Kilometre).
Source: OAG Max Online for w/c 11 March 2013
In terms of capacity as measured by ASKs (Available Seat Kilometres), the double-daily London service operated by the A380s, is by far the airline's biggest route. Services to Europe (four, in blue) and Australia (four, in yellow) still account for over half of the airline's top 15 routes by ASKs, despite an acknowledgement in the 2011 Business Plan that "Our network remains focused on the flows of a previous era, with a significant portion of our capacity concentrated on serving the highly-competed ‘kangaroo route’ connecting Australia to Europe."
The recent agreement between Qantas and Emirates Airline will not make this market any easier for Malaysia Airlines to compete in.
Cuts in international services from KLIA and Kota Kinabalu
The decision to cut the most unprofitable routes, resulted in early 2012, in the suspension of long-haul routes from KLIA to Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Dubai, Johannesburg and Rome, as well as the withdrawal of flights from Kota Kinabalu to Seoul and Tokyo.
The airline's current schedule sees it operating non-stop to 59 destinations from Kuala Lumpur, with only 13 of these routes not served by another carrier, although the AirAsia group of airlines have in the recent past (but not currently) served Delhi, Hyderabad, London, Mumbai and Paris.
||Destination (Malaysia Airlines Weekly Frequency)
|No direct competition
||Adelaide (7), Amsterdam (7), Auckland (6), Brisbane (5), Delhi (12), Frankfurt (5), Hyderabad (7), Istanbul (3), Kuantan (21), London Heathrow (14), Male (7), Mumbai (11), Paris CDG (7)
|versus AirAsia group only
||Alor Setar (17), Bangalore (10), Beijing (14), Bintulu (14), Denpasar (21), Johor Bahru (27), Kota Bahru (31), Kota Kinabalu (71), Kuala Terengganu (21), Kuching (56), Kunming (3), Labuan (14), Langkawi (4), Medan (14), Miri (21), Osaka Kansai (7), Penang (68), Perth (10), Phnom Penh (14), Sandakan (11), Sibu (7), Siem Reap (3), Sydney (14), Tawau (8)
|versus AirAsia group and others
||Bandar Seri Begawan (4), Chennai (14), Colombo (7), Hanoi (10), Ho Chi Minh City (21), Hong Kong (14), Jakarta (46), Kathmandu (5), Melbourne (14), Phuket (14), Seoul Incheon (7), Singapore (47), Taipei (7), Yangon (7)
||Bangkok BKK (35), Dhaka (8), Guangzhou (7), Jeddah (4), Manila (25), Shanghai Pudong (14), Tokyo Narita (11), Xiamen (4)
|Source: OAG Max Online for w/c 4 February 2013
Competition is set to intensify in the coming weeks with the launch of Malindo Air
which will start operating on the country's two busiest domestic routes to Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. Furthermore, Air France and Turkish Airlines are introducing non-stop flights from Paris and Istanbul this summer, adding further pressure on Malaysia Airlines.
Australia #1 market for ASKs from KL
Thanks to non-stop flights from KLIA to Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney, Australia is the leading country market for weekly ASKs from Malaysia Airlines' home base, beating the UK into second place. Whether joining the oneworld alliance will help stimulate traffic between the UK and Australia remains to be seen, but it is notable that British Airways does not offer non-stop flights from London to Kuala Lumpur.
Source: OAG Max Online for w/c 11 March 2013
Malaysia Airlines' 15 domestic routes from KLIA may account for over 400 weekly departures, but they still generate fewer ASKs than the airline's 14 weekly flights to London, and account for as little as 10% of the airline's total ASKs from KLIA.