Antalya Airport: traffic flat in 2012, Russian routes take the most capacity cuts
Turkey’s busiest airport, Istanbul Ataturk, has attracted a lot of attention in the recent years owing to the dynamic growth of its based carrier, Turkish Airlines. However, the country’s #2, Antalya Airport, which handled a passenger volume equivalent to around 55% of Ataturk’s, is different in almost every way from its larger counterpart. Located on the country’s southern Mediterranean coast, the airport caters primarily to sun-starved passengers who visit the Turkish coast in summer. Similar to St. Petersburg, Antalya is operated by Fraport, which entered a joint venture in 2009 with the constructor of international Terminal 1, Bayindir Holdings, and has operated the facility since. A new international terminal has been built since and there is also a domestic terminal at hand.
80% of traffic still international
Almost 25 million passengers were handled at Antalya in 2012, marginally less (-0.5%) than in the preceding year. International traffic dominates in Antalya and constituted to 80% of overall traffic at the airport last year, significantly less than a decade earlier – in 2003, international services accounted for 94% of the total.
In the period since 2003, Antalya has produced negative growth figures only three times (2006: -7.7%; 2009: -2.4%; and 2012: -0.5%), which was caused by a decrease in international passengers. In the same period, domestic traffic has grown constantly and the airport closed 2012 with 4.97 million domestic passengers, up from 620,000 in 2003 and +9.1% compared to 2011 figures. International traffic, apart from contracting slightly in 2012, showed lesser growth dynamics in the last decade. Even so, international passengers have doubled in size, with more than 20 million passing through the airport in 2012 (up from 9.76 million in 2003).
Seasonality is the big issue
Perhaps unsurprisingly given the airport’s location, Antalya does not come very high on the anna.aero airport seasonality list, as analyzed using the anna.aero Seasonality Variation Calculator (SVID). A result of 46.49 indicates “managerial and operational challenges”, although the constant growth of domestic traffic gives some hope of flattening the passenger profile in the coming years, at least to a certain degree. However, Antalya performs much better than Dalaman, the second-largest airport on the southern Turkish coast, which scored 93.33 on the SVID scale. On the other hand, Izmir Airport achieved a “good” 4.72 mark – while it also is a popular destination for tourists, Izmir is the country’s third-largest city and so the region generates traffic that is more evenly spread throughout the year.
Most new capacity in domestic market
Two largest country markets from Antalya are Turkey and Germany, combined both account for 66.5% of the airports weekly seats in August 2013. Routes to Turkey, the #1 market, will see a 45.5% annual increase in seat capacity this August, while seat capacity to Germany grew by 10.6% compared to last year.
The largest capacity decrease amongst the top 10 markets from Antalya was noted on routes to Russia, which in August 2013 will have lost 37% of weekly seats compared to the previous year. While Antalya gained a new thrice-weekly link to Rostov-on-Don, it has lost the twice-weekly service to Tyumen and saw radical cuts on the route to Moscow Sheremetyevo, owing to Aeroflot’s decision to reduce frequencies from 17 weekly to daily.