Sofia surges to record growth in 2007

Map: BulgariaSofia Airport, the main international airport serving Bulgaria, saw traffic numbers surge last year by an impressive 24% to over 2.7 million. This is more than double the number that used the airport in 2003. Traffic during the last four years has grown by at least 15% each year, but 2007 saw the airport achieve its highest ever growth helped by the belated opening of the impressive new second terminal in late December 2006, which neatly coincided with Bulgaria’s accession to the EU on 1 January 2007.

Chart: Sofia airport traffic 1998-2007
Source: Sofia Airport, ICAO
Image: Sofia’s Terminal 2
Sofia’s Terminal 2 opened in December 2006. Bulgaria Air and the other legacy carriers moved into the new facility, while the low-cost carriers remained in the old building.

Ski market helps keep winter demand high

Although Sofia has a typical summer peak in August there is also a smaller peak in December and January thanks to a burgeoning ski market. This helps keep Sofia’s peak to off-peak ratio (August v February) to under 1.5.

Chart: Sofia airport seasonality
Source: Sofia Airport

Legacy airlines currently dominate

With the opening of the new Terminal 2, Bulgaria Air (the successor to Balkan Airlines) and other legacy carriers moved to the new facilities, while the low-cost carriers have remained in the old building. Currently LCCs have about 19% of scheduled capacity, but this proportion is set to grow in 2008.

Chart: Top 15 airlines at SOF
Source: OAG Max Online for w/c 10 March 2008

Logo: Bulgaria AirBulgaria Air is the largest carrier at the airport and carried around 28% of the airport’s passengers in 2007. Its passenger numbers at the airport increased by 35% in 2007 to just over three-quarters of a million. This winter the airline operates scheduled services to 27 destinations, though only its domestic route to Varna (with 19 weekly flights), Brussels and Madrid are served at least daily. Its fleet consists entirely of 10 to 20-year-old 737-300s and 737-500s.

Image: Bulgaria Air Plane
Bulgaria Air is the largest carrier at Sofia, handling 28% of the airport’s passengers – more than 750,000 – in 2007. Madrid (pictured) and Brussels are served at least daily.

Three other flag carriers (from nearby Germany, Italy and Austria) are the next busiest airlines before the largest LCCs SkyEurope and Wizz. The latter will soon become the leading LCC at the airport as it starts six new routes in July and will also base an aircraft there. Ryanair is currently conspicuous by its absence, while easyJet only offers a daily London Gatwick service which began last November.

Germany and Italy leading country markets

Despite Germany being the leading country market this winter (15.3% of seat capacity) neither Air Berlin nor TUIfly offer scheduled services to Sofia, though Germanwings does operate thrice-weekly to Cologne/Bonn. Italy is the next busiest market (13.1% of seat capacity) and is helped by MyAir operating to five airports (Bari, Bologna, Milan Bergamo, Rome Ciampino and Venice) though mostly at low frequency.

After Germany and Italy the biggest winter country markets are Austria, the UK, Greece, Russia and the Czech Republic. A total of 25 countries are served with direct scheduled services this winter including Libya, the Ukraine and the UAE with weekly flights operated by RAK Airways to Ras Al Khaimah.

Vienna and London leading cities

A closer look at individual route data reveals that Vienna and London are the most popular routes. On Vienna, passengers have a choice of Austrian Airlines, SkyEurope or Bulgaria Air. For passengers to and from London, the choice is either easyJet or Bulgaria Air from Gatwick, British Airways or Bulgaria Air from Heathrow or Wizz Air from Luton. Athens is the third busiest route and here there is competition between Olympic, Aegean and Bulgaria Air.

LCCs generating most new routes

The start of the winter season saw new routes started by easyJet (to London Gatwick), Rak Airways (to Ras Al Khaimah) and Wizz Air (to Dortmund), while MyAir started weekly services to Bari only last week. From the start of the summer season Swiss will operate daily to Zurich, while Bulgaria Air starts twice-weekly fights to Valencia from 15 March.

Wizz Air’s six new routes in July comprise Barcelona, Brussels Charleroi, Izmir, Milan Bergamo, Valencia and a domestic route to Varna. Barcelona will be particularly competitive as Click Air also starts the route on 25 April. Meanwhile, the Prague route will see Bulgaria Air and Czech Airlines (CSA) joined by SkyEurope with four weekly services from 4 May.


  1. Dear all at anna,
    Usually you are very accurate, however in this article you fail to mention that Bulgaria Air has year-round daily flights between Sofia and Amsterdam.
    Have a good weekend! replies: According to OAG data for w/c 10 March 2008 Bulgaria Air serves the Sofia to Amsterdam route with just five weekly flights. However, for the summer season apart from the Brussels and Madrid routes mentioned in the article, frequency increases will result in daily flights to Amsterdam, Berlin Tegel, Frankfurt, London Gatwick and Rome.

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