Indonesia’s traffic up 3.5% last year; Lion Air now #1 among domestic carriers; still no non-stop flights to Western Europe

Image: Lion Air’s televised lottery
There’s little doubt which Indonesian carrier has the most fun or the main implication of its “love is in the air” themed marketing. The scenes are from Lion Air’s televised lottery and credit card promotions. It now also has the ‘lion’s share’ of domestic capacity (32.2%) over 34 routes.

Image: Visit IndonesiaThis summer 56 airports across Indonesia will be hosting scheduled airlines services. According to government statistics these airports handled close on 80 million passengers last year, up 3.5% on 2007. Jakarta’s Soekarno-Hatta airport alone handled around 32 million passengers though the airport suffered from the demise last March of local carrier Adam Air which operated around 20 aircraft and was based at the airport.

Chart: Indonesian airport traffic 1989-2008
Source: Statistics Indonesia

Air traffic in Indonesia has recovered impressively from the East Asian financial crisis in the late 90s. Since 1999 passenger volumes at the country’s airports have more than trebled with growth of more than 25% in both 2003 (despite SARS impacting international traffic) and 2004. Since then growth has been at a more sustainable rate. While domestic traffic in 2008 was up just 2.4%, international traffic was up 9.1% as the country’s marketing campaign to celebrate “100 years of national awakening” increased international visitors.

Chart: Top 12 airports in Indonesia
Source: OAG Max Online for w/c 30 March 2009

Jakarta is by far the busiest airport in the country followed by Denpasar Bali and Surabaya. With a population of some 220 million people spread across several islands traffic should continue to grow strongly if the economy continues to prosper. If the UK’s propensity to travel (240 million airport passengers in an island country of around 60 million inhabitants) were applied to Indonesia, airport passenger numbers would be more than 10 times bigger than at present.

Six major players in the domestic market

Fast-growing Lion Air has recently surpassed Garuda as the biggest carrier in the domestic market based on share of seat capacity. Analysis of schedule data for the summer season reveals that six carriers have at least a five per cent share of domestic capacity.

Airline Frequency share Capacity share Number of routes
Lion Air 24.6% 32.2% 34
Garuda Indonesia 30.3% 29.3% 31
Sriwijaya Air 16.7% 15.9% 39
Merpati 12.6% 9.1% 41
Indonesia AirAsia 5.3% 6.3% 9
Wings Air 6.1% 5.6% 15
Source: OAG Max Online for w/c 30 March 2009
Image: Bandung Airport
Bandung now has daily Indonesian AirAsia services to Singapore.

Several domestic routes see all five of the largest domestic airlines competing head-to-head in the market, while most major routes have at least three carriers vying for the public’s patronage.

16 airports have international services

A total of 16 airports in Indonesia will be offering international flights this summer though Jakarta accounts for around 50% of all international capacity and Denpasar Bali a further 25%. Most of the remaining 14 airports are limited to serving Kuala Lumpur and/or Singapore. This week saw the launch of four new services from Indonesia to Singapore operated by Indonesia AirAsia. These were from Bandung, Denpasar Bali, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.

Image: Sriwijaya Air ceremony
January: Sriwijaya Air starts twice daily Jakata-Singapore services. Routes to Malaysia and Singapore both account for around 30% of international seat capacity.

Routes to Malaysia and Singapore both account for around 30% of international seat capacity, followed by Hong Kong, Australia and Japan with between 5% and 7% each. The nearest thing to a direct service to Europe is Transaero’s twice-weekly flights to Moscow Domodedovo. There are no direct flights to anywhere in either North or South America. The leading airlines on international routes to and from Indonesia are:

Airline Frequency share Capacity share Number of routes
Garuda Indonesia 17.4% 15.1% 23
Indonesia AirAsia 14.6% 11.1% 17
AirAsia 12.6% 11.3% 13
Singapore Airlines 6.6% 10.8% 2
Malaysia Airlines 6.6% 6.0% 5
Cathay Pacific 2.8% 4.6% 3
Source: OAG Max Online for w/c 30 March 2009
Image: Selamat Hari Rata Nyepi
On March 26th, 2009 Bali celebrated their Hindu’s New Year “Çaka” 1931 also known as “Nyepi”. It started at 06.00 and ended the next day at 06.00. “Nyepi” mean Silence. For the Hindu’s New Year in Bali, people stopped any activities and refrained from any worldly activities. They turned off all lights, fasted, stopped working, and kept away from entertainment. There were no activities in Bali on that day. The airport was closed. Even tourists were not allowed to go anywhere and stayed at the hotel for one day.

Lion Air currently only operates three international routes and ranks 10th among carriers. A total of 43 airlines currently operate international routes to and from Indonesia. This does not at present include any US carriers. Despite the lack of non-stop services to Europe both KLM and Lufthansa are present at the airport. KLM operates to Amsterdam via Kuala Lumpur while Lufthansa serves Frankfurt via Singapore. The ‘MEB3′ airlines are all present with Emirates and Etihad serving their home bases non-stop from Jakarta while Qatar Airways currently serves Doha from Jakarta via Singapore.


  1. It seems to me that the statistics for the domestic market above really are not very accurate because most probably Batavia and Mandala, two major players, have not filed schedules with OAG. If they are taken into consideration as well the numbers would most probably be significantly different. replies: Thanks Thomas. You’re quite right. Batavia and Mandala do not current supply schedule data to OAG, although they are looking to correct this. With the inclusion of these two additional carriers it must make the Indonesian market one of the most competitive in the world.

  2. Anybody can help me Indonesia airports statistics for 2009 year.
    I need for my web page to restore airports tarffic history

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