Gulf Air’s network re-build continues; weekly flights and destinations almost back to their peak in a decade

Gulf Air Hyderabad

After a five-and-a-half year hiatus, Gulf Air re-launched services to Hyderabad, its sixth Indian city, in December last year. The airline has added 11 routes since it network low of just 32 destinations in S13, although operations to Sanaa have been curtailed for reasons outside of its control.

The period of navel gazing and route culling at Gulf Air two to three years ago was well-documented at the time, when this now pensioner airline (it was 65 in March) teetered on the edge of oblivion. What has been pored over less is the rise of golden falcon from its network low-point in S13 of just 32 destinations, from a high, in the last decade at least, of 46 in the summer prior to that, to today’s route portfolio which sees Gulf Air on the cusp of breaking new ground again in terms of weekly flights and available city pairs. In S15, the rejuvenated carrier will offer 42 destinations from its Bahrain hub in 23 countries, across a network which spans the Middle East, Europe, Asia and Africa.

Chart - Gulf Air at Bahrain 2006-2015 Weekly departures and non-stop destinations in summer

Source: OAG Schedules Analyser w/c 13 Aug.

While the carrier has offered 42 destinations in its network before in the last 10 years, in 2010 and 2011, the number of weekly flights which Gulf Air is providing to its passengers this summer (499), has only been beaten by the heady days of S12. Whether the airline has the ambition to continue on this trajectory and surpass the highs of S12 is unclear. However, referring to’s New Route Database, the airline has no new routes planned for the remainder of 2015 or 2016. In addition, according to, Gulf Air also has no outstanding aircraft deliveries, so any new routes would have to be generated by tweaks to its existing fleet and network.

Dubai dominates and strengthens #1 spot

In the last 12 months, the carrier has added 5.8% more seats to its weekly offer. In S14, the top dozen routes constituted 65% of Gulf Air’s available weekly seats, whereas this year this share has dropped marginally to 64%. Of the airline’s top 12 routes, only three are outside of the Middle East (highlighted in light green) – namely London Heathrow, Delhi and Mumbai.

Chart - Gulf Air's top 12 routes at Bahrain Weekly seats in S15

Source: OAG Schedules Analyser w/c 13 Aug.

While some positions have changed, no new route has broken into the top 12 since last August. Top route Dubai has improved its position, by posting annual seat growth of 3%. However, over the last year the star performing sectors have been Muscat (+33%), Riyadh (+27%) and Jeddah (+19%), while those routes under the network planner’s knife have been Kuwait City (-14%), Doha (-4.4%) and Abu Dhabi (-3.6%). Three routes, Mumbai, Delhi and Amman, have gone unchanged.

Five new routes and six re-starts

The following table aims to delve a little deeper into the numbers behind the first graph.

  • The cells in grey represent those routes which have remained a constant part of Gulf Air’s network despite the capacity shuffling over the last few years – of which there were 13 in the Middle East, three in Africa, 10 in Asia and five in Europe.
  • Cells filled in green are airport pairs which the airline has not flown at any period in the prior 10 years (back to August 2006), until their respective launches between S13 and S15.
  • Those in orange represent sectors which have been flown at some point prior to the S12 peak (like Hyderabad or Athens), but have subsequently been re-started between S13 and S15 or were present in the S12 network, were dropped temporarily in S13, and have since been commenced again (like Mashhad, Tehran or Shiraz – incidentally all in Iran).
  • Cells in red are those cities which were previously operated in either S12 or S13, but which are no longer present in the S15. For some perhaps like Isfahan in the Middle East, Nairobi in Africa, Dhaka in Asia and Copenhagen in Europe, they could represent the next phase in the airline’s network rebuild, particularly as the carrier’s network planners seem to be returning to previously flown routes and trying new destinations in equal measure.
Route  S12 S13 S15
Middle East
Jeddah (JED) Y Y Y
Amman (AMM) Y Y Y
Dubai (DXB) Y Y Y
Muscat (MCT) Y Y Y
Kuwait City (KWI) Y Y Y
Riyadh (RUH) Y Y Y
Beirut (BEY) Y Y Y
Mashhad (MHD) Y Y
Abu Dhabi (AUH) Y Y Y
Najaf (NJF) Y Y Y
Doha (DOH) Y Y Y
Tehran (IKA) Y Y
Taif (TIF) Y
Madinah (MED) Y Y Y
Baghdad (BGW) Y Y Y
Dammam (DMM) Y Y Y
Gassim (ELQ) Y
Shiraz (SYZ) Y Y
Dubai (DWC) Y
Sanaa (SAH) Y Y
Kabul (KBL) Y
Erbil (EBL) Y
Aden (ADE) Y
Basra (BSR) Y
Isfahan (IFN) Y
Cairo (CAI) Y Y Y
Khartoum (KRT) Y Y Y
Addis Ababa (ADD) Y Y Y
Nairobi (NBO) Y
Manila (MNL) Y Y Y
Bangkok (BKK) Y Y Y
Delhi (DEL) Y Y Y
Mumbai (BOM) Y Y Y
Chennai (MAA) Y Y Y
Thiruvananthapuram (TRV) Y
Kochi (COK) Y Y Y
Karachi (KHI) Y Y Y
Hyderabad (HYD) Y
Lahore (LHE) Y Y Y
Peshawar (PEW) Y Y Y
Islamabad (ISB) Y Y Y
Sialkot (SKT) Y
Dhaka (DAC) Y
Kathmandu (KTM) Y
Colombo (CMB) Y
London (LHR) Y Y Y
Paris (CDG) Y Y Y
Frankfurt (FRA) Y Y Y
Istanbul (IST) Y Y Y
Larnaca (LCA) Y Y Y
Athens (ATH) Y
Moscow (DME) Y
Copenhagen (CPH) Y
Rome (FCO) Y
Source: OAG Schedules Analyser w/c 13 August for each year.

The airline’s latest ‘new’ routes, both of which started on 10 January this year, were again re-launches of previously operated services. Flights to Gassim (four times weekly E170) and Taif (thrice-weekly E170/A319) in Saudi Arabia, both of which were originally started in January 2012, only to be suspended in February and March respectively of the same year.

Gulf Air Moscow

On 5 November 2014, Gulf Air began four times weekly services to Moscow Domodedovo, a new route for the airline (at least in the last 10 years). In terms of the airline’s future network development it will probably be a mix of reinstated services along with tried and tested routes.

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