Berlin battleground: easyJet’s Tegel domestic routes intensify Lufthansa competition; Ryanair set to base nine aircraft too
easyJet already flies more than 5.3 million passengers to and from Berlin each year at its existing base at Berlin Schönefeld. Opened in 2004, Schönefeld is now easyjet’s sixth largest base (in terms of weekly seats) and currently serves 51 routes. But, while the Schönefeld base offers nearly 55,000 weekly seats (on over 320 weekly flights for w/c 11 December), on 5 January easyJet will also start four key domestic and 15 international routes from Berlin Tegel – potentially competing with itself! The Tegel move follows a €40 million partial takeover of airberlin assets which received EU regulatory approval on 12 December. In order to enable the swift launch of the Tegel winter programme from the airport, easyjet will use some wet-leased aircraft alongside its own metal.
The new routes announced include four German domestic services connecting Tegel with Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich and Stuttgart. easyJet will also add 15 international city pairs, including up to five daily flights to Vienna and Zurich, as well as connections to destinations like Palma de Mallorca and Catania. As a result it has put more than one million seats on sale for the remainder of W17/18, with more routes from Tegel to be announced for S18. The table below summarises the 19 new easyJet routes and their respective weekly frequencies, compared with the services previously flown by incumbent carriers (as of 1 October 2017), most importantly by airberlin.
|easyJet Tegel routes||WF||Previous operators (WF)|
|Düsseldorf (DUS)||13||airberlin (59); Eurowings (35)|
|Frankfurt (FRA)||34||Lufthansa (118); airberlin (27)|
|Munich (MUC)||51||Lufthansa (93); airberlin (65)|
|Stuttgart (STR)||27||airberlin (49); Eurowings (38)|
|Budapest (BUD)||7||airberlin (16)|
|Catania (CTA)||7||airberlin (8)|
|Copenhagen (CPH)||14||airberlin (28); SAS (11)|
|Fuerteventura (FUE)||1||NIKI (2)|
|Helsinki (HEL)||7||airberlin (26); Finnair (21)|
|Madrid (MAD)||7||Iberia (14)|
|Milan Malpensa (MXP)||7|
|Palma de Mallorca (PMI)||14||NIKI (36); Eurowings (10)|
|Paris CDG (CDG)||14||Air France (36); airberlin (14); Eurowings (10)|
|Rome Fiumicino (FCO)||13||airberlin (9); Alitalia (7)|
|Stockholm Arlanda (ARN)||14||airberlin (29); SAS (10)|
|Tel Aviv (TLV)||7||airberlin (14)|
|Vienna (VIE)||34||Austrian Airlines (33), airberlin (27)|
|Zurich (ZRH)||34||SWISS (42), airberlin (39)|
|Source: OAG Schedules Analyser w/c 1 Oct 2017. WF = Weekly Frequency.|
What this means:
- The busiest sector in terms of weekly frequencies (158) from all carriers combined was the 480-kilometre domestic sector to Munich;
- Three of easyJet’s new routes from Tegel were not previously served by airberlin (or its partners) – namely Paphos, Milan Malpensa and Madrid;
- Of the 16 routes on which the airline (or its partners) was present, airberlin was the market leader (in terms of weekly frequency) on 11 services.
Tegel incumbents: robust response
While much of the focus has been on easyJet’s entry into the market, many of the incumbents on the specific airport pairs are staking their own claims on the capacity void which has been left by the demise of airberlin. The table below summarises the same new 19 routes, but this time reviews the services of easyJet’s direct Tegel competitors’ on w/c 7 March 2018, after all 19 of the new easyJet services will have commenced. However, it should be noted that some of these routes, in particular the more leisure-oriented ones, will have experienced some seasonal variation in frequencies which have nothing to do with the arrival of easyJet.
|easyJet Tegel routes||Competitors (WF)|
|Düsseldorf (DUS)||Eurowings (85)|
|Frankfurt (FRA)||Lufthansa (119)|
|Munich (MUC)||Lufthansa (119), Eurowings (21)|
|Stuttgart (STR)||Eurowings (92)|
|Copenhagen (CPH)||SAS (10)|
|Fuerteventura (FUE)||Germania (2); NIKI (2), TUIfly (1)|
|Helsinki (HEL)||Finnair (21); Eurowings (6)|
|Madrid (MAD)||Iberia (16)|
|Milan Malpensa (MXP)|
|Palma de Mallorca (PMI)||NIKI (15); Eurowings (8)|
|Paris CDG (CDG)||Air France (43), Eurowings (14)|
|Rome Fiumicino (FCO)||Alitalia (10)|
|Stockholm Arlanda (ARN)||SAS (11)|
|Tel Aviv (TLV)||Germania (3)|
|Vienna (VIE)||Austrian Airlines (41)|
|Zurich (ZRH)||SWISS (57)|
|Source: OAG Schedules Analyser w/c 7 Mar 2018. WF = Weekly Frequency.|
What this means:
- easyJet will face no direct competition on four routes – in addition to Milan Malpensa and Paphos (on which routes no airline was previously operating from Tegel). Two further sectors, to Budapest and Catania, will also be monopoly airport pairs;
- On 13 of the airport pairs (to DUS, FRA, MUC, STR, FUE, HEL, MAD, CDG, FCO, ARN, TLV, VIE and ZRH) the incumbents have already increased their weekly frequencies between October 2017 and March 2018. The biggest increase in frequency by an incumbent is on the Stuttgart sector, with Eurowings climbing from 38 to 92 weekly services.
- Six airports pairs will witness less weekly frequencies from all carriers between the two dates – to Budapest (down from 16 to seven), Catania (eight to seven), Copenhagen (39 to 24), Helsinki (47 to 34), Palma de Mallorca (46 to 37), Stockholm Arlanda (39 to 25) and Tel Aviv (14 to 10).
- On two of the routes the incumbents have cut their weekly frequencies between the two dates – SAS from Copenhagen (down from 11 to 10), as well as NIKI (36 to 15), and Eurowings (10 to eight).
easyJet to face compeition from other airports – including from itself!
Aside from the direct competition that it will face out of Tegel, easyjet will also experience indirect competition from other carriers using other airport pairs from the cities involved. The table below summarises the same 19 new easyJet routes, but this time reviews its indirect competitors’ (flying to/from any airport at either end of the city pair; again on w/c 7 March 2018). The airport code(s) which are being used by the competitors represent those that are different from the 19 new airport pairs being introduced by easyJet.
|easyJet Tegel routes||Other routes/Operators (WF)|
|Budapest||SXF – easyJet (9); Ryanair (7); Wizz Air (7)|
|Catania||SXF – Ryanair (2)|
|Copenhagen||SXF – easyJet (13); Norwegian (13)|
|Fuerteventura||SXF – Germania (2); Ryanair (2); Condor (1)|
|Madrid||SXF – Ryanair (10)|
|Milan||SXF – easyJet (14); BGY – Ryanair (14)|
|Palma de Mallorca||SXF – easyJet (7); Ryanair (7)|
|Paphos||SXF – Germania (2)|
|Paris||SXF-ORY – easyJet (17); ORY – Aigle Azur (4)|
|Rome||SXF-CIA – Ryanair (14)|
|Stockholm||SXF – Norwegian (6)|
|Tel Aviv||SXF – El Al (13), easyJet (5); Israir (2)|
|Vienna||SXF – easyJet (12)|
|Zurich||SXF – easyJet (10)|
|Source: OAG Schedules Analyser w/c 7 Mar 2018. WF = Weekly Frequency. SXF = Berlin Schönefeld; ORY = Paris Orly; CIA = Rome Ciampino; BGY = Milan Bergamo.|
What this means:
- There is no competition from any other airports on any of the four domestic sectors being introduced by easyJet’s Tegel operations;
- The most significant competitor will be between Berlin and Tel Aviv, where two other airlines – El Al and Israir – will provide 15 weekly frequencies on a different airport pair between the two cities; in addition easyJet will ‘compete’ against itself with five weekly flights from Schönefeld;
- Although easyJet will face no direct competition on four routes from Tegel (Budapest, Catania, Milan Malpensa and Paphos), all four city pairs are served from other airports;
- Ryanair will provide indirect competition on seven of the city pairs; in addition easyJet will ‘compete’ against itself on eight city pairs.
What easyJet said about its Tegel transition
“easyJet is proud to deliver more competition and lower fares to passengers in Germany, particularly on domestic routes where there is currently limited choice,” says Thomas Haagensen, MD easyJet Europe. “Our schedule from Tegel also delivers excellent value for business passengers who will benefit from first wave departures enabling day trips to get passengers back home by dinnertime. From domestic to popular leisure destinations, key cities in the DACH region and across Europe, to the Nordic countries and beyond to Tel Aviv, we are pleased to be able to offer such a wide range of destinations from Berlin.”
Ryanair waiting in the wings too with Tegel operations planned
Never one to miss a golden opportunity, Ryanair has also applied for slots at Tegel, with plans to create a nine-aircraft base, as it too looks to fill the airberlin void. The Irish ULCC is in a similar market position to its European LCC competitor, as its new Tegel base would be in addition to the nine 737-800s it already has stationed at Schönefeld. The latter is currently Ryanair’s eighth largest base, offering nearly 50,000 weekly seats on close to 260 weekly flights (w/c 11 December).
On the Tegel move Ryanair’s CCO David O’Brien said: “Ryanair has applied for slots at Berlin Tegel and is prepared to invest up to $1bn in additional aircraft and double its Berlin traffic to 10 million over the next 18 months. This investment would guarantee access to Ryanair’s lowest fares, and enable Berlin citizens and visitors to avoid the emerging high fare Lufthansa/easyJet duopoly.”